Transient candidates (for example, college students or highly mobile professionals) who cannot live in a standard Orthodox community must at least have ongoing, reasonable access to the institutions of Orthodox life and live within walking distance to an Orthodox minyan that meets regularly each Shabbat and Yom Tov. The candidate must demonstrate a strong commitment to conducting his or her life so as to maintain access to those institutions for the rest of his or her life.
- For male converts, brit milah (circumcision) is required. If the candidate was previously circumcised, he must undergo hatafat dam brit – the letting of a drop of blood. This must be performed in the presence of a beit din.
- Both male and female candidates must perform tevillah, immersing in a kosher mikveh in the presence of a beit din. The modesty of a female convert is ensured throughout the process. The members of the beit din must witness the convert’s head fully immersed in the water.
- All converts must undertake kabbalat hamitzvot – the acceptance of the commandments – in the presence of the beit din. The convert should make a declaration (in his or her own words) embracing the G-d of Israel as the one and exclusive Deity, accepting the Divine origin of the Torah and indicating that he or she commits to observance of halachah which includes both the oral and written laws.
Therefore, adoptive parents who wish to convert a child must:
- Both be Jewish
- Belong to an Orthodox synagogue within walking distance of their home.
- Commit to 12 years of Orthodox day school education for that child.
- Live an observant lifestyle that includes Shabbat, Kashrut, holidays etc.